Damian, L. E., Stoeber, J., Negru-Subtirica, O., & Băban, A. (2016). Perfectionism and school engagement: A three-wave longitudinal study.Personality and Individual Differences105, 179-184.


The study was the first to examine perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns as longitudinal antecedents of school engagement (behavioral, emotional, and cognitive) in adolescents. Using a longitudinal design with three waves spaced 4-5 months apart (9 months total), the study showed that only perfectionistic strivings predict increases in cognitive engagement in school.